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希腊神话:NARCISSUS-那喀索斯

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2018年08月13日

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Sometimes the gods made transformations just to amuse themselves-neither for punishment nor for the protectionof mortals, but just for a little joke.
Narcissus was a youth who was so lovely that he was almost like a girl in his appearance. Like Clytie,he fell in love and pinedwithout eating,day after day.
It was not a beautiful sea nymph whom Narcissus loved,nor a wood nymph,nor a mountain nymph,nor even a Greek maiden.
He fell in love with a face he saw in the water. He thought it was the face of a beautiful water sprite. He stayed at the bank,pleading with the lovely being,begging it to come out of the water and speak to him. Of course,it was only his own face that he saw reflected in the water,but Narcissus did not know it,because he had never seen his face in a mirror.
The nymph Echo loved Narcissus. She hid herself near him and answered as he talked to the face in the water.
Echo would have told Narcissus he was in love with his own reflection,but she was being punished by Juno for talking too much. She could not speak unless someone else spoke first,and then only the same words she had heard.
When he said,"You are beautiful,"Echo replied ever so softly,"You are beautiful,"and poor Narcissus thought it was the water sprite who spoke. When he said"I love you",the voice answered and,as he reached his arm into the water,instantly the face would vanish.
Then Narcissus thought the water nymph had fled from him. So he would call again and again,watching the water until it grew smooth and the face returned. All the time Echo would answer him in her sweet voice.
Narcissus stayed by the river,growing thinner and more unhappy. The gods came by in different forms and watched him. They listened to the strange conversation between Narcissus and Echo and thought it funny.
They laughed about it together when they gathered on Mount Olympus. Just as a bit of fun,when Narcissus grew so thin that he was ready to die,the gods changed him into a beautiful flower,which leanedforever over the river bank to look at its reflection in the water.




众神的变形,有时候只是聊以自娱--既不是为了惩罚人,也不是要保护人,而仅是戏谑一番而已!
那喀索斯是一个外貌酷似女孩的美少年。他像柯莱蒂一样地堕入爱河,茶饭不思,一天一天地消瘦了。
那喀索斯所爱的并不是一个美丽的海中女神,也不是树中精灵,更不是山泽女神,甚至不是任何一个希腊少女。
他爱上了水中的一张脸,他认为那是一张美丽的水精灵的脸。他待在岸边向这美丽的影儿倾诉衷曲,求它走出水面来跟他说话。然而,那只是他自己的脸,他所看到的不过是反映在水中的倒影罢了!可是那喀索斯认不出来,因为他从不曾照过镜子,看过自己的容貌。
山泽女神艾可爱上了那喀索斯,她藏身在附近,当他对水中的影子说话时,她便回答他。
艾可本来要告诉那喀索斯,说他爱上了自己的影子,但是,她因多嘴正受到天后朱诺的惩罚。除非别人先开口说话她才能说话,而且她只能听到什么就说什么。
当那喀索斯说"你真漂亮"的时候,艾可非常温柔的答道:"你真漂亮。"可怜的那喀索斯以为这就是他那水中精灵在说话。当他说"我爱你"时,这声音也依样地回答。当他伸手到水里去的时候,水中的脸却消失了!
于是那喀索斯以为这水中精灵从他身边逃走了。因此,他便一遍又一遍地呼唤着,注视着水里,直到水面渐渐平静,影儿重又出现。艾可一直用她那甜美的声音回应着他。
那喀索斯待在河边,渐渐消瘦,而且愈加闷闷不乐。众神化身为各种不同的样子来到他的附近,注视着他。他们倾听那喀索斯与艾可奇特的交谈,都以为这是件有趣的事。
当众神聚集在奥林匹斯山上的时候,他们一起拿这件事取笑。不过,没多久,那喀索斯日益消瘦,在他即将断气的时候,众神便把他变成一株美丽的水仙花,永远靠在河边望着它自己的水中倒影。
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